Gout, a complex type of arthritis, results from an accumulation of uric acid in the joints. The big toe joint is often affected by gout, probably due to the pressure it is subjected to during walking and standing. Gout causes pain, extreme tenderness, throbbing, and a burning sensation in the joint, with localized redness and swelling. An attack of gout lasts for several hours before it usually subsides, but it more than likely returns to the same area within months. Gout, also known as gouty arthritis, more frequently affects men, but women can also suffer from it.

Since gout can be triggered by diet, it is recommended that gout sufferers avoid alcohol; limit high levels of proteins,red meat, shellfish, and rich sauces; and drink plenty of water or fluids. Medications are effective in treating the disease’s onset, symptoms, and complications.